Commission Presents Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy

Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy

The strategy noted several milestones that can measure how on track the European transport system is with these objectives. With regard to rail, the milestones are as follows:

  • 2030:
    an increase of rail freight traffic of 50 percent
    a doubling of high-speed rail traffic across Europe
    rail and waterborne-based intermodal traffic to be able to compete on an equal footing with road-only transport in the EU by internalising external costs
  • 2050:
    a doubling of rail freight traffic
    a tripling of high-speed rail traffic

In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90 percent by 2050, two things need to happen: 1) there needs to be a modal shift for both people and goods to use less polluting options; and 2) all modes of transport must be made less polluting. The level of pollution generated by a particular mode of transport should also be taken into account in the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘user pays’ principles, meaning that polluters should pay for their negative externalities.

For this vision to become a reality, the strategy identifies ten flagship areas with actions to guide policy, of which five in particular have rail-focused suggestions.

Flagship 1: Boosting the uptake of zero-emission vehicles, renewable & low-carbon fuels and related infrastructure

Discussing the decarbonisation of the rail network, the strategy notes that railway lines should be electrified wherever possible. Should that preferred option not be viable, the use of hydrogen should be increased.

Flagship 3: Making interurban and urban mobility more sustainable and healthy

The Commission proposes the construction of more high-speed rail lines on short-haul routes so that passengers have carbon-neutral choices for travel below 500km. When the high-speed line between Barcelona and Madrid opened, the modal split shifted from 85 percent plane / 15 percent train in 2008 to 38 percent air / 62 percent rail in 2016. A central aspect of flagship 3 is the European Year of Rail, which the Commission says is a great opportunity for Member States and the Commission along with the rail sector to boost cross-European connections. The Commission will propose an action plan to boost long-distance and cross-border rail services in 2021.

The Commission further says that the Fourth Railway Package will open up rail markets to competition, which will in turn make train operators more responsive to customer needs. Furthermore, harmonised EU-wide vehicle approvals will cut costs for cross-border trains.

The Commission also wants to improve the Single European Rail Area and expand the rail market. As part of this, it wants cross-border tickets to become easier to purchase. As a result, the Commission will propose regulatory measures to enable tickets that combine different transport modes to give passengers true options for door-to-door travel.

Flagship 4: Greening freight transport

The European Green Deal intends for a large part of the 75 percent of inland freight currently transported by road to shift to rail and inland waterways. There has actually been a drop in rail freight’s share, from 18.3 percent in 2011 to 17.9 percent in 2018.

Flagship 6: Making connected and automated multimodal mobility a reality

The Commission has reaffirmed its commitment to the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS). Further efforts towards developing train automation are needed, it says, e.g. through joint undertakings like Shift2Rail. The Commission wants to update the technical specifications for interoperability (TSIs) to enable rail automation and traffic management on cross-border main lines. These TSIs are to cover technologies such as 5G and satellite data. All of this will also help with the Future Railway Mobile Communication System (FRMCS).

Flagship 8: Reinforcing the Single Market

High-speed rail projects such as the Paris-Brussels-Amsterdam and Cologne network as well as the Øresund bridge connecting Denmark and Sweden highlight the need to complete projects such as Rail Baltica, Lyon-Torino, Y-basque, Fehmarn, Brenner, Dresden-Prague, Vienna-Bratislava-Budapest, Seine-Scheldt and many others without delay.

The Commission also says it will look into the current rules on track access charges and whether they offer the right incentives to boost competitive markets and the attractiveness of rail.